Nanango Country Veterinary Services

"Caring for your Best Friends"
Ph: 4163 3388


Bull Breeding Soundness Exam

Bull Breeding Soundness Examinations (BBSE) are now being widely recognized as an essential requirement for bull sales, and for bull fertility assessments. Kathy is fully BBSE accredited and can provide crush-side bull semen examinations on-property to assess the suitability of bulls being placed in herds for breeding, or to assess problems with fertility where calving percentages have fallen. Semen can be sent on for morphology testing by an accredited bull semen morphologist, which is recommended for all bull studs selling bulls at sales. Certificates are supplied where requested.  The bull breeding soundness exam (BBSE) is a vital part of any breeding program.   It is important to assess the reproductive status of any bulls that are being used on a property (whether directly or indirectly via AI programs).   A BBSE includes basic information such as identification and history (including vaccinations) of the bull as well as 5 key assessments:

  • A general physical examination including structure (conformation) and upper reproductive tract
  • An examination of the testes and measurement of scrotal size
  • A serving assessment to evaluate libido and mating ability
  • Collection and assessment of a semen sample
  • Laboratory examination of sperm morphology


Vaccines are an important part of a herd health plan.

When used correctly as part of a property health plan, vaccines can help prevent common livestock diseases and lead to improved animal health, welfare and productivity. Producers should be aware of the endemic diseases in their region that can be prevented by vaccination and assess the risk based on previous local district and property history - Nanango Country Veterinary Services are happy to help with the formulation of a vaccination protocol.

Endemic diseases of livestock in Australia that vaccines can help prevent include:

Bovine respiratory disease - Rhinogard
Clostridial diseases (excluding botulism) - 5-in-1 vaccination, 7-in-1 vaccination 
Botulism - Botulism vaccine
Johne's disease - Gudair vaccine
Leptospirosis - 7-in-1 vaccination includes this
Pestivirus - Pestigard vaccine
Pink eye - Piligard/Maxigard
Three day sickness - BEF vaccines
Vibriosis - Vibrovax

Vaccines are used at different times in the production cycle, depending on the disease and the vaccine. Producers should follow the instructions on the vaccine label and seek veterinary advice when required. Vaccines may also be used as part of industry biosecurity programs, to limit the spread of or help eradicate emergency animal diseases.

Learn more about beef cattle diseases and preventative health

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